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  • Guanaco en Zoo Aquarium Madrid. Zoológico Madrid.
  • Guanaco en Zoo Aquarium Madrid. Zoológico Madrid.

Common name:


Scientific name:

Lama glama guanicoe


120 - 150 kg


1,85 metros de longitud
Mountain plateau
North America


Preocupación menor
Least concern

Who is it? 

The guanaco is considered to be a wild species of llama that cannot be domesticated. It is similar to its relatives, dromedaries and camels, with its proud bearing and somewhat contemptuous attitude. Like them, its adaptation to adverse environmental and climactic conditions is a fact. It is not a lover of heat, though it withstands all types of temperatures. Of all the camelids, it the one with the southernmost range. 

It may be seen over the two Andean watersheds, from Peru to Tierra del Fuego, on plains and at altitudes which reach 3,000 metres above sea level.

What are its habits?

This mammal usually forms communities of 20 individuals led by a male which protects the herd. 

The guanaco may run as fast as about 64 km/h, which is very important for surviving its predator, the puma.

 Its diet is made up of grasses, moss and tubercles.

The male becomes particularly aggressive during the breeding season and it fights against other individuals for the females. This happened between November and February. After a gestation lasting 11 months, they give birth to one cria.

Did you know…

They sometimes ally with greater rheas to defend themselves from dangers in their environment: the greater rhea uses its magnificent vision and the guanaco its wonderful hearing and sense of smell.

Children under 3 years free!