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The Brown Bear (or Ursus arctos) is a species spread over several habitats, although it generally prefers to live in dense forests, alpine tundras and river valleys. Brown bears are the largest carnivores alive today: the Alaskan Kodiak bear variety, for example, is capable of reaching 600 kilograms, and is only surpassed in size by the polar bear.
The wide geographic distribution of this bear, which covers three continents, is due to the fact that it is an omnivorous mammal capable of exploiting all natural resources. It is an intelligent animal that can take advantage of any situation.
Despite its good-natured and placid appearance, and its independent, nomadic and solitary character, the brown bear is not to be trusted. Its character, variable and unpredictable, makes it a dangerous animal.
It hibernates in shelters or caves that are difficult to access and develops keen senses of smell and hearing. Their young weigh about 400 grams when they arrive in the world, in the middle of winter. The mother takes care of them, showing a strong maternal instinct that includes aggressive behavior (in case her cubs are disturbed). Play is an important part of bear life, both in young individuals and among adults.
The brown bear feeds on plant and animal material: bulbs, fungi, insects, mammals, fish and even carrion.
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