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The Iberian lynx is the largest feline in Southern Europe and the most endangered on the planet. It was historically distributed throughout the Iberian peninsula, where it is endemic. Its population is currently composed of 404 lynxes, which has allowed it to go from being classified as "critically endangered" to "endangered".
Slender and with long legs (82-103cm in length and 36-55cm in height), it is unmistakable due to its beard and the black brushes on the tips of its ears. Its coat is brownish in color with dark spots of variable size and density depending on the individual.
Its short tail is characteristic of all lynxes worldwide.
Females breed once a year but not every year. Kittens are born between March and April, after approximately two months of gestation. Newborns are not very mobile and their eyes are closed during the first 12 days of life. Up to four kittens can be born in a litter.
Rabbits account for more than 90% of their diet, although occasionally, they may capture other prey such as deer, partridges, small mammals and waterfowl.
The lynx are solitary and territorial. They defend their territory against young or adult individuals of the same sex.
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