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Common name:

Reindeer

Scientific name:

Rangifer tarandus

Weight:

109-318 kg

Size:

1,2-1,5 m
Mammals
Herbivore
Temperate forest and Taiga
Tundra
Europe

Conservation

Preocupación menor
Least concern
Who is it?

An animal from the north, its range was traditionally the tundras and taigas of North America, Europe, Asia and Greenland. Currently, the few reindeer that remain in the wild are mainly domestic animals which are essential to daily life for Lapps and other Nordic peoples (such as the Nenets of Siberia).

The reindeer  is the only species in the cervid family in which the females have antlers. Their front hooves are completely adapted to snow, to be able to walk on snow-covered ground and even search for food.

What are its habits?

They reproduce in spring, after a gestation of slightly more than 200 days. The fawns can follow their mothers when they are born.

They live in herds, are nomadic and migratory, just like the peoples alongside which they live (they can cover thousands of kilometres per years on the routes leading them from north to south).

In summer they prefer the open terrain of the tundra, where they feed on grasses and plants, while in winter they move to closed forests for protection.

Did you know…

Not all reindeer has been domesticated. This is true on the American continent, where they are also more abundant than in Europe.

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