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Giant Pandas

Scientific name:  Ailuropoda melanoleuc
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  Asia
Habitat:  Plateaus
Diet:  Herbivorous
Weight:  150 - 120 kg
Size:  170 - 180 cm
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Panda bear
Panda bear

Panda bear

Meet the Giant Panda!

 Giant Pandas are fascinating animals. The Panda (a name which means eater of bamboo  in Nepali), was nothing more than a solitary wanderer in the Chinese mountains until 1869, when it was made known to the West by the naturalist and missionary Armand David. Giant Pandas are a symbol for those who campaign to protect nature and biodiversity.

They are very calm animals, and expert tree climbers. Females are lighter than males, although there are few visible differences between them. Its coat is hard, long and dense; sometimes the black has a brownish tinge, and the white can becomes more reddish and brown. It has vertical pupils, just like cats. This species has developed a sixth finger (pseudo-thumb) which is nothing more than an extension of a bone in the wrist that is used to pluck, grasp and eat bamboo.

What are its habits?

Pandas find shelter and food in the temperate forests in China . Each panda usually occupies a territory of between 4 and 6.5 square kilometers, while it moves around slowly and lazily, saving energy. Dawn and dusk are often the times when panda bears are most active.

Males and females move in similar areas, and communicate with a series of sounds. Especially the males, which make certain loud calls and moans during the mating season. The young are born at 135 days of gestation, blind and pink. Their diet consists mainly of bamboo; they also eat insects, eggs, fruits and small mammals..

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


The survival of the panda bear is still compromised: there are only between 1,000 and 2,000 animals left in their natural habitat, in the provinces of Gansu, Shaanxi and Sichuan (China).

Great adventures from



Charlas en Zoo
Discover more about some of the Zoo animals in our talks

Discover more about some of the Zoo animals in our talks