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Scientific name:  Pongo pygmaeus
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  Asia
Habitat:   Bosque tropical
Diet:  Frugívoro
Weight:  40 - 100 kg
Size:  150 cm
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Meet the Orangutan!

In the Malay language, the word Orangutan means "man of the forest" Of all the great apes, the Orangutan spends the most time in the trees. Its long arms, with reddish and brownish hair, allow the Orangutan to climb and swing among the trees. Orangutans are stocky and short-legged. There is great sexual dimorphism between males and females: males have very prominent cheeks, unlike the females.

Their natural habitats are lowland rainforests. Their current population is estimated at around 15,000 individuals. Orangutans used to be found throughout Indonesia and Malaysia, but today they only survive in northwestern Sumatra and in pockets on the island of Borneo.

What are its habits?

Mothers give birth to a single infant at each birth, in cycles of four to eight years. The gestation period is approximately eight and a half months. The mother carries the infant, which does not stop suckling until it is three years old. The female Orangutan reaches sexual maturity at 12 years of age, while the male is not considered an adult until 15.

Solitary and intelligent, they have developed their own extraordinary culture that they transmit from generation to generation. They are capable of making their own tools. Socially they are very independent, although females sometimes gather in groups of four or five individuals.

They feed mainly on fruit, although they complement their diet with shoots and leaves.

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


They are in danger of extinction due to the destruction of their habitat (mining, forest fires). They also face illegal capture to sell specimens as pets. The poachers do not hesitate to kill the mothers to snatch their young.

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Discover more about some of the Zoo animals in our talks

Discover more about some of the Zoo animals in our talks