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Indian Rhinoceros

Scientific name:  Rhinoceros unicornis
Class:  Mammals
Continent:  Asia
Habitat:  Pastizales y estepas
Diet:  Herbívoro
Weight:  2200 kg
Size:  3,65 m
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Meet the Indian Rhinoceros!

The 21st century has not started very well for the Indian rhinoceros, of which there are barely 2,000 specimens left, widely scattered despite their increasing protection.

Its horn, which sometimes exceeds 50 centimeters, is associated with Eastern medicinal practices, which attribute certain properties to it (the main cause of its persecution and illegal hunting).

A large mammal, it can measure more than three meters in length and weigh more than two tons. Its thick skin has deep folds, giving it the appearance of an ”armored" and clumsy animal. However, this rhino is known to be able to run more than 50 km/h in short stretches.

To get rid of the parasites that crawl into its skin, it allows birds to perch on its back.

What are its habits?

The Indian Rhinoceros, like other rhinos, is a rather solitary animal. However, during the mating and breeding season, it pairs up without hesitation. Males have a long, sharp, pointed tusk that serves as a weapon for confronting rivals during the rutting season. Gestation lasts 16 months, after which one calf is born. The calf, once born, stays with its mother until a new breeding period, which will take place approximately three years later.

This rhino has no natural enemies and although it is solitary, it is not difficult to see it around waterholes in the company of other rhinos. And for good reason:  they spend a good part of the day wallowing in the mud! 

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


They are animals that tolerate intrusion on their land. The area in which they move can cover from two to eight kilometers (depending on the quality of the habitat).

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Charlas en Zoo
Discover more about some of the Zoo animals in our talks

Discover more about some of the Zoo animals in our talks