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  • Ven a visitar al Elefante Asiatico | Zoo Aquarium de Madrid
  • Elefante asiático en Zoo Aquarium de Madrid. Zoológico Madrid.
  • Elefante asiático en Zoo Aquarium de Madrid. Zoológico Madrid.
  • Elefante asiático en Zoo Aquarium de Madrid. Zoológico Madrid.
  • Elefante asiático en Zoo Aquarium de Madrid. Zoológico Madrid.
  • Elefante asiático en Zoo Aquarium de Madrid. Zoológico Madrid.

Common name:

Asian elephant

Scientific name:

Elephas maximus


100 - 6.000 kg


2 - 3,5 metros
Temperate forest and Taiga


En peligro

Who is it? 

The morphology of the Asian elephant is slightly different from that of its African cousin, which is somewhat larger: its forehead is more domed, its ears rounder and smaller, its back more arched and its trunk, which ends in one lip rather than two, is smoother. When it is born, this giant mammal is covered by a striking layer of black hair, which it gradually loses until its thick grey skin is uncovered. The same skin which effectively protects its from insect bites and bad weather in the temperature forest or the taiga. Elephants typically make a mass of earth and water with their trunk which they spray over their back, due to their need to cool themselves. Their current range comprises Sri Lanka, the south and northeast of India, Bangladesh, Indo-china, Malacca, Sumatra and part of Borneo.

What are its habits?

It feeds on leaves and fruit, and they live in herds led by a matriarch, its calves and often a pair of males (one old and, on occasion, another, young one). Otherwise, most of the males leave the herd during adolescence: they only return to the females when they perceive, by means of infrasound, that one desires to reproduce. A tournament then arises between them, from which a winner will emerge (the one who will mate with the female; if she accepts him, of course). The gestation lasts for 22 months, after which a single calf, which may be suckled for five years. An Asian elephant calf weighs about 100 kg and is one metre tall. For the first six months of its life, it feeds exclusively on its mother’s milk, which it subsequently complements with fodder and vegetables. It is estimated that in the first month it can reach 200 kg; and as an adult, about five tonnes.

Did you know…

One of the greatest curiosities surrounding the Asian elephant is “musth”. The must is a physiological state, more or less periodic, that affects exclusively elephant males. During this period. they increase their aggressiveness, testosterone levels skyrocket and secrete an ocher and thick substance through its temporal glands, located very close to the eyes.

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Dear visitor:

Following the indication of the competent authorities, Zoo Aquarium de Madrid will remain closed out of consideration for the health and safety of our visitors and employees. We continue to provide regular updates through this website and social media.

Since our priority is that our visitors can enjoy the unique experiences of our park, for customers with tickets on dates with the park closed, changes will be allowed for dates on any other day in the year 2020. If you made your purchase at the box office or on the park's website, please write an email to with your ticket information for personalized management of your case. For other sales channels, please contact your distribution point directly.

In the meantime, and seeking to safeguard our animals wellbeing, our veterinarians and caretakers teams will continue to diligently look after them on a daily basis.

We deeply appreciate your understanding and will continue to report promptly through our website and social media.