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Hawksbill turtle

Scientific name:  Eretmochelys imbricata
Class:  Reptiles
Continent:  Asia
Habitat:  Océanos y mares
Diet:  Omnívoro
Weight:  127 kg
Size:  89 - 100 cm
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Meet the Hawksbill turtle!

The Hawksbill Turtle is a sea turtle distributed in tropical areas, as well as in the subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. It is a well-traveled animal, capable of nesting in at least 70 countries around the world. One of its main characteristics is its shell, formed by overlapping plates and serrated edges whose attractive design makes it a desirable material for the manufacture of different objects. This shell, which is predominantly black and brown with marbling round the edges (with light and dark bands) protects its flat body, similar to other sea turtles. It has fin-shaped limbs ending in two claws, as well as a sharp, curved beak and a prominent upper jaw.

What are its habits?

Hawksbill turtles are diurnal and follow complex migratory routes. They usually travel alone through the reefs and areas of the continental shelf, passing through different habitats, in search of food. An opportunistic predator, its diet is based on sea-sponges. Females reach sexual maturity at the age of three years, when they mate in waters close to the shore. Incubation lasts 60 days. They may lay more than one clutch during the breeding season, although it may take them two to seven years to reproduce again. Clutches are between 100 and 140 eggs. Their life expectancy can reach 50 years.

Extinct in the wild
Critically endangered
Near threatened
Least concern
Insufficient data
Not evaluated


The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has been warning since 1986 of the serious danger of extinction in which this marine species is found.

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Learn more about some of the Zoo's animals in a unique adventure

Learn more about some of the Zoo's animals in a unique adventure