Who is it?
The hawksbill sea turtle is a marine turtle which is distributed in tropical areas, as well as is subtropical waters of the Atlantic, Indian and Pacific oceans. It’s an animal which journeys far and wide that is capable of nesting in at least 70 countries in the world. One of its main characteristics is its shell, which is made up of superimposed plates and serrated edges whose attractive pattern make it a sought-after material for the manufacture of different objects. This shell, dominated by black and mottled brown colours in a radial form (with light and dark bands) protects its flat body, which is similar to that of other marine turtles. It has extremities in the shape of fins which end in two claws, as well as a sharp and curved beak like a prominent upper jaw.
What are its habits?
Hawksbill sea turtles are of diurnal habits and they undertake migrations with complex routes. They usually move alone around the reefs and areas of the continental shelf, passing through different habitats, in search of food. An opportunist predator, its diet is based on capturing sponges. The females reach sexual maturity at three years of age and that is when they breed in waters near the shore. The incubation lasts 60 days. They may lay more than one clutch in the breeding season, despite the fact that they then take a long time to breed again (from as many as two to seven years). Between 100 and 140 eggs are laid. Its life expectancy reaches 50 years.
Did you know...?
The International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN) has been warning since 1986 that this marine species is in serious danger of extinction.